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Main Factors Leading to European Colonization of Africa

Therefore, the main factors contributing to European colonization of Africa is political power and economic status. Each of the European countries, Portugal, France, Spain, England and Italy amongst others wanted to maintain their economic status as well as continue to expand (Makong’o et al 6). Each of the countries considered the other a threat, thereby eliciting a lot of worries when one seemed to be a step further. Thus, economic growth and might was considered to represent power, which made these two factors the major motivation of colonizing Africa.

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In sub-Saharan Africa, fourteen countries of the former French colonial empire became independent in 1960, but one had preceded them. Led by the socialist nationalist Ahmed Sékou Touré (1922–1984) and his party, Guineans had rejected the French Union proposed by President Charles de Gaulle in a referendum, and demanded independence. Touré stated that the Guinean people "preferred liberty in poverty to wealth in slavery." Guinea was the only French territory to vote no, and in order to destabilize the country, France withdrew its personnel immediately and ostracized its former colony.

"Why Did Europe Colonize Africa?" N.p., n.d.

The colonization of India by the British saw both positive and negative effects.

These two characters not only deal with their own personal struggles, but are connected to the struggles of people close to them (namely Kurtz and Antoinette).Joseph Conrad and Jean Rhys attribute these hardships to the effects of colonialism....

Japanese imperialist expansion took place during approximately the same period as US imperialist expansion and ultimately brought Japan into armed conflict with both the United States of America and the European colonial powers in this part of the world. This conflict culminated in the Pacific War of 1941-1945.

"The Colonization of Africa." The Colonization of Africa.

"Europe and Africa in the 19th Century." West Chester University History.

It was this fear of Soviet influence in Africa, particularly on the part of the United States, that created such a major problem for African nations. Western powers viewed African independence through the lens of the Cold War, which rendered African leaders as either pro-West or pro-East; there was little acceptable middle ground. Naïvely, most African leaders believed that they could navigate the political land mines of the Cold War through political neutrality. Along these lines, in his speech on the occasion of Kenya's independence from Britain in 1963, Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta (in power from 1964 to 1978) declared:

Federal government support of space exploration is NOT the most effective way to engage in scientific discovery Space exploration can be dated back to the age of European Renaissance, a historic age when arts and cultural transformation began.

During this time Africa found itself being split up and divided amongst several European countries.
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British imperialism in India provides an instructive example.

Although Western European powers granted aid to African nations, they also coerced governments to support their agendas and instigated and aided coups against democratically elected governments. They also fomented civil unrest to ensure that governments friendly to their Cold War agenda remained in power and those that were not were removed by political machinations or assassination. In the Congo, for example, Joseph Mobutu took a strong anti-communist position and was subsequently rewarded by Western powers. It mattered little that in 1960 he helped orchestrate the coup that removed and ultimately brought about the murder of Patrice Lumumba, was among the most anti-democratic leaders on the continent, and siphoned Western aid and revenue from the nation's natural resources into personal accounts. Mobutu's rise to power and economic and political damage to Congo in the process—with the help of his Western allies—demonstrates that the politics of the Cold War, more than anything else, defined the successes and failures of African decolonization.

Colonization has greatly effected the governments of Africa....

In the 1960s, Frantz Fanon, the anti-colonial intellectual and psychoanalyst, among others, described neo-colonialism as the continued exploitation of the continent from outside and within, together with European political intervention during the post-independence years. One of the many questions that African leaders faced was whether continued economic and political interaction with former colonial powers threatened their autonomy and political viability. The ex- colonizers wanted to retain their former colonial territories within their sphere of influence. This continued relationship, Fanon argued, benefited African politicians and the small middle class but did not benefit the national majorities. The result was tension between the ruling classes and the majority population.

What Was The Driving Force Behind European Imperialism …

They seem to be afraid to use the word “colonization.” According to Webster’s Dictionary the definition of colonization is, “The colonial system of political government or extension of territory, by which one nation exerts political control over another nation, territory, or people, maintaining the colony in a state of dependence, its inhabitants not having the same full rights as those of the colonial power....

Colonization in Africa Essay - Paper Topics

However, it was a challenge for African nations to forge international links beyond words on paper: few national networks of administration, communication, or transportation within their borders operated consistently and effectively. In addition, the senior administrators who ran the colonies were removed with European rule, to be replaced by Africans with far less experience. Moreover, the political system that African leaders inherited was structured to benefit the evolving ruling classes with little regard for the needs of the people. There were few real efforts beyond the political speeches of Kwame Nkrumah—Ghana's first president, in power from 1957 to 1966—and the words of the founding charter of the Organization of African Unity to look beyond these accepted borders toward pan-Africanist or even regional confederations.

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