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The American Revolution - (Home)

The (SAR) invites allhighschool students (9th through 12th grades) interested in the AmericanRevolution to participate in the Joseph S. Rumbaugh Historical OrationContest. …

Causes of the american revolution essay American revolution cause and effect essay format

Adams, Randolph G. Political Ideas of the American Revolution: Britannic-American Contributions to the Problem of Imperial Organization, 1765–1775. Durham, North Carolina: Trinity College Press, 1922.

Scholarships | Daughters of the American Revolution

Alden, John R. The American Revolution, 1775–1783. New York: Harper & Row, 1954.

African Americans were indeed forced to fight, quite literally, for their survival following the war. James Weldon Johnson characterized the bloody summer of 1919 as the Red Summer. Fears of labor unrest, "bolshevism" stemming from the Russian Revolution of 1917, and the return of black soldiers spawned a nationwide surge in violence, much of it directed at African Americans. Race riots erupted in several cities, the most significant occurring in Washington, D.C., and Chicago. In October 1919, whites in Elaine, Arkansas, massacred hundreds of black people in response to the efforts of sharecroppers to organize themselves. In the South, the number of reported lynchings swelled from sixty-four in 1918 to eighty-three in 1919. At least eleven of these victims were returned soldiers. For African Americans, the end of the war brought anything but peace.

If there’s a brighter light unifying Britain and America at the time of the Revolution, perhaps it lies neither with the frightened authoritarians nor with the too easily inflamed radicals but with the new doctrines of compassion that could run between them. Hoock tells the story of Captain Asgill, who, as late as 1782, was sentenced by Washington to be hanged in retaliation for an unpunished loyalist atrocity. (A group of British prisoners were forced to draw lots—or, rather, had lots drawn for them by a small American boy—and poor Asgill was the loser.)

SparkNotes: The American Revolution (1754–1781): …

Aptheker, Herbert. The American Revolution, 1763–1783. New York: International Publishers, 1960.

Professor Shy, who of all historians has the best grasp on theimportance of guerrilla warfare in this period, brilliantly interpretsthe various phases of British strategy during the war (from policeaction to conventional war to counter-guerrilla attempts at"pacification" in the South) in his "The American Revolution: TheMilitary Conflict Considered as A Revolutionary War," in Kurtz andHutson, Essays on the American Revolution. John Shy, A People Numerous and Armed: Reflections on the Military Struggle for American Independenceis a collection of Shy's essays on military history, some of whichcontribute to a positive reevaluation of the importance of the militiain defensive warfare. R. Arthur Bowler, Logistics and the Failure of the British Army in America, 1775–1783shows that the hostility of the local populations contributed to thefailure of food supplies. This hostility was compounded by Britishattempts to seize the food they could not purchase.

None of these books, however, was written recently enough toincorporate modern insights on the importance of guerrilla as opposedto conventional war. But an important one-volume military history doesso: Don Higginbotham, The War of American Independence: Military Attitudes, Policies, and Practices, 1763–1789.Two books edited by George Athan Billias are particularly important,both for guerrilla insights and for penetrating "revisionist" studiesof particular generals and their strategies and tactics: George Washington's Generals and George Washington's Opponents: British Generals and Admirals in the American Revolution.Particularly important in the former volume is George A. Billias,"Horatio Gates: Professional Soldier," about a general who usedguerrilla strategy and tactics against Burgoyne, culminating atSaratoga. In the same volume, Don Higgenbotham's "Daniel Morgan:Guerrilla Fighter," apologizes for the fact that his valuable biographyof the war's greatest guerrilla tactician had been written before theadvent of his own and general interest in guerrilla warfare(Higgenbotham, Daniel Morgan: Revolutionary Rifleman.)Particularly see John W. Shy, "Charles Lee: the Soldier as Radical," inwhich Shy looks with favor at the outstanding military libertarian andguerrilla theorist, as well as strategist and general, of the AmericanRevolution. Lee, who had been drummed out of his number two post ofcommand and court-martialled unfairly by George Washington, isfavorably reassessed in a biography by John R. Alden, Charles Lee: Traitor or Patriot?

Collins, Edward D. Committees of Correspondence of the American Revolution. Washington, D.C., 1902.
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Myths of the American Revolution | History | Smithsonian

The best treatment of British politics in relation to the developing American resistance is Charles R. Ritcheson, British Politics and the American Revolution. Rudé discusses the Whig and radical opposition to British imperial designs and to Tory government at home in Wilkes and Liberty, mentioned earlier. Also see Eugene C. Black, The Association: British Extraparliamentary Political Organization, 1769–1793; Archibald S. Foord, His Majesty's Opposition, 1714–1830; George H. Guttridge, English Whiggism and the American Revolution; Lucy S. Sutherland, The City of London and the Opposition to Government, 1768–1774: A Study in the Rise of Metropolitan Radicalism; and Maurice R. O'Connell, Irish Politics and Social Conflict in the Age of American Revolution.

The National Society | Daughters of the American Revolution

The most relevant discussion of Edmund Burke's views and activities in this period is Carl B. Cone's Burke and the Nature of Politics, Vol. I. The Age of the American Revolution. Several works detail the Tory, or "Namierite," point of view on English politics in this period, the most famous being Sir Lewis Bernstein Namier, England in the Age of the American Revolution.

Texas Society Sons of the American Revolution

Michael G. Kammen studies the vital role of American colonial agents to London in A Rope of Sand: The Colonial Agents, British Policies, and the American Revolution. See also: Jack Sosin, Agents and Merchants: British Colonial Policy and the Origins of the American Revolution, 1763–1875.The letters of the most important of these agents, and a leadingpro-American British Whig, are included in Ross J. S. Hoffman, ed., EdmundBurke, New York Agent, with his Letters to the New York Assembly andIntimate Correspondence with Charles O'Hara, 1761–1776.

5. The American Revolution | The American Yawp

The premier leader of the revolutionary movement, Samuel Adams, hasbeen ill-served by historians; no satisfactory biography has beenpublished. John C. Miller's Sam Adams: Pioneer in Propaganda ishostile and vituperative, under the influence of the Progressive"propaganda" theory. Of the numerous biographies and studies of JohnAdams, best for this period, though not always reliable, is CatherineDrinker Bowen, John Adams and the American Revolution. Though mired in detail, Page Smith's John Adams, 1735–1826 handles Adams's political and economic thought weakly.

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